10 Waterborne Diseases you need to know

different types of waterborne diseases

Waterborne diseases are the big challenge to world`s population and responsible for 80% of all illnesses as estimated by WHO and UNICEF. These diseases are caused by different bio-toxins, micro-organisms, and toxic contaminants present in the water. 

There are different types of waterborne diseases, like, thyroid fever, malaria, diarrhea, cholera, hepatitis, polio, and worms. These diseases not only affect children but also adults. In the developing countries, the issue of water illness is rising.To save yourself from these illnesses, you should use commercial water purifier because it reduces all the pathogens and the micro-organisms in the water. 

If you want to know more about it, here, we have covered the topic for your convenience.

Diarrhea

diarrhea

This is a disease that grabs the children of 2 to 5 years. The infection spreads from contaminated water or food, and it lasts up to 2 weeks. The symptoms of this disease are dizziness, pale skin, dehydration, loss of consciousness, and in severe case bloody stool.

To prevent diarrhea, the patient has to drink lots of water, but that too has to be pure and if that’s from, commercial RO plant, it will be the best. If you don’t have a water purifier in home, then you can boil the water. Also, wash your hands before doing any household chores.

Malaria

This is a viral fever which spreads through Plasmodium parasite mosquito. This thing gets produced in the places where you have stagnant water or lakes, where water has no flow. This is the place where this mosquito breeds and carries the germ of malaria. The symptoms of this disease are fever, severe headache, body chills, with vomiting.

To prevent this disease from spreading, you have to clear all the stagnant water places you have in your home or the neighborhood. If your area has the problem of mosquito, then you have to attach nets on the windows and use a cream that prevents these blood-sucking insects. Also, try to wear clothes that cover your hands and legs adequately. 

Cholera

cholera

Cholera is another dangerous disease that spreads through contaminated water. The symptoms of this disease are, muscle cramps, dehydration, diarrhea. This is a fatal illness and can spread from one person to another. This can be treated by giving the patient IV fluids and by purifying the water. In the old days, an entire village used to get wiped out by this disease, but nowadays, the cure for this is here, and people are encouraged to drink purified water. 

Amebiasis

amebiasis

Amebiasis is a protozoa based disease, and the symptoms of this are, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, fatigue, and weight loss. To cure this, the patient has to drink plenty of purified water and consult the doctor to get proper medications. 

Hepatitis

hepatitis virus

This is another waterborne disease, and it can be severe if it’s not treated correctly. The symptoms of hepatitis are, fever, jaundice, chills, dark urine, abdominal discomfort, these are the common problem. Other than this, the skin changes its color to yellow, and the blood does not get adequately produced. The disease stays at least two weeks with all the medication and health care, and if a patient doesn’t get proper attention, then it can lead to death. To prevent it, a person has to eat healthy foods, and drink plenty of purified water, and consult a doctor.

Viral gastroenteritis

gastroenteritis

Viral gastroenteritis is a stomach infection caused by water or food contamination. If you get affected by this, you will suffer through vomiting, headache, fever, gastrointestinal discomfort. To prevent this, you have to drink plenty of water, and that has to be purified and take doctor prescribed medications to reduce the gastrointestinal discomfort. 

Typhoid fever

typhoid fever

This is a type of illness that can happen to anyone, and the leading cause of it is contaminated water or food. If you go through this, you will get the symptoms, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, fever, constipation, headache, abnormal rashes, and so on. The treatment of typhoid includes more intakes of fluid, and antibiotics. You can always consult your doctor if the case becomes severe. 

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis happens by the protozoa, which leads to gastrointestinal discomfort, and it can turn into respiratory illness as well. The primary symptoms of it are watery diarrhea, repeated coughing. To prevent this, you have to contact your doctor and start using a water purifier. 

Shigellosis 

Shigellosis is a bacterium, and it infects people with severe diarrhea, fever, stomach cramps and so on. To prevent this, you have to drink purified water and try not to drink any kind of fluid or eat food from anywhere you feel like. You also, have to talk to your doctor and take proper medications. 

Filariasis

This disease affects those people, who live at the side of sewage or unsanitary water bodies. Filariasis infection spreads through mosquitoes, and if it’s not treated, then it might become elephantiasis. To reduce the threat of this disease, you have to take the initiative and clean the unsanitary water bodies with the sewage area. Only by this, you will be able to prevent the onsets of this disease, and if anyone gets affected, then you have to consult a doctor and get medications for the same. 

To prevent all of these waterborne diseases a good supply of purified water is required, and the people who are living around the unsanitary water places, they have to take initiatives to clean the area and take care of their health. On the other hand, people who have family members suffering from the waterborne disease in the house, they have to wash their hands properly and keep everything clean in their surroundings. 

The Final Thought

You have to remember that waterborne diseases should not be taken lightly as they are capable of ending lives. So, you need to make sure to drink purified water, and it would be best if it’s RO, and consult a doctor if any health issue arises.




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